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National Jury Trial Innovations Project

The primary purpose and goal of the National Jury Trial Innovations Project (NJTIP) is quite simple: To implement innovations that make the jury trial a better place to teach and learn.

The NJTIP remains alive and well and active throughout the United States. IADC members have presented programs in numerous locations, including Ohio, Alaska, Georgia, Kansas, Nevada, Vermont, New York, Maryland, South Dakota, Wisconsin, Missouri and California. The audiences that have been reached include such diverse groups as the National Association of Women Judges; The University of Kansas Law School; The American College of Trial Lawyers; The National Association of Independent Insurers; and the New York State Commissioners of Jurors.

Since 1998, more than 150 NJTIP programs have been presented by IADC members, to more than 10,000 attorneys, judges, law school students and business professionals. Feedback from every forum and the obvious benefits to the IADC have been overwhelmingly positive. The Project's team leaders and program presenters are not planning to rest on what has been accomplished to date but, instead, look forward to moving the NJTIP further into the forefront of jury trial innovations and change.

Federal Innovations
Federal Jury Innovations (PDF)

State Innovations
The National Jury Trial Innovations Project is committed to monitoring the progress of state jury trial innovations. To learn more about jury innovations that have been implemented in various states, click on the state links below.

If you are interested in becoming more involved in The National Jury Trial Innovations Project by contributing to the research involved in updating this site, please email

Alabama  (PDF)
Alaska (PDF)
Arizona (PDF)
Arkansas (PDF)
California (PDF)
Colorado (PDF)
Connecticut (PDF)
Delaware (PDF)
Florida (PDF)
Georgia (PDF)
Hawaii (PDF)
Idaho (PDF)
Illinois (PDF)
Indiana (PDF)
Iowa (PDF)
Kansas (PDF)
Kentucky (PDF)
Louisiana (PDF)
Maine (PDF)
Maryland (PDF)
Massachusetts (PDF)
Michigan (PDF)
Minnesota (PDF)
Mississippi (PDF)
Missouri (PDF)
Montana (PDF)
Nebraska (PDF)
Nevada (PDF)
New Hampshire (PDF)
New Jersey (PDF)
New Mexico (PDF)
New York (PDF)
North Carolina (PDF)
North Dakota (PDF)
Ohio (PDF)
Oklahoma (PDF)
Oregon (PDF)
Pennsylvania (PDF)
Rhode Island (PDF)
South Carolina (PDF)
South Dakota (PDF)
Tennessee (PDF)
Texas (PDF)
Utah (PDF)
Vermont (PDF)
Virginia (PDF)
Washington (PDF)
West Virginia (PDF)
Wisconsin (PDF)
Wyoming (PDF)

International Innovations

Modular Program
Each program begins with an overview of the Project followed by a summary of how jurors make decisions and process information. There are then 33 possible innovations for discussion. Certain ones will be selected for a given programs, usually based on time allotment and topics of interest to the audience.


  • Speaker Introductions
  • Background of Project
How Jurors Make Decisions
  • The Current Process
  • A Different Perspective: "Order in the Classroom" (video)
  • What a Jury Trial Should Be
  • How Jurors Make Decisions
  • How Jurors Process Information
  • Innovations
Setting the Framework
  1. Plain English at Trial
  2. Opening Statements to the Entire Jury Panel
  3. Lawyer-Conducted voir dire
  4. Pre-instructing the Jury
  5. Mini-Openings / Interim Commentary
  6. Jury Instructions Before Closing Arguments
  7. Plain English Jury Instruction
  8. Written or Recorded Instructions for Jurors
Jurors Should be Actively Involved
  1. Questionnaire to Assist Jury Selection
  2. Jurors' Questions to Witnesses
  3. Juror Discussions of Evidence During the Trial
  4. Juror Questions About Instructions
  5. Juror Note Taking
Enhancing the Decision Making Process
  1. Pretrial Limits on Each Party's Time at Trial
  2. Pretrial Admission of Exhibits and Deposition Testimony
  3. Computer Simulations and Reenactments
  4. Jury Tutorials
  5. Jury Notebooks
  6. Appointing Court Experts
  7. Reordering the Sequence of Expert Testimony
Improving a Juror's Frame of Mind
  1. One-Day / One-Trial Terms of Jury Service
  2. Non-Designation of Alternates and Jurors
  3. Permitting Alternates to Observe Deliberations
  4. Modifying Daily Schedules
  5. Suggestions for Jurors on Conducting Deliberations
  6. Scheduling Jury Deliberations
  7. Scheduling Verdict Announcements
  8. A Few More Ideas:
    • Orientation Video
    • Jury Orientation via Cable Television
    • How to Relieve Jury Boredom
    • Place Cards or Seating Charts
Insights for Jurors, Lawyers, and Judges
  1. Advice Regarding Post-Verdict Conversations
  2. Informal Meetings Between the Judge and Jury
  3. Post-Verdict Interviews by Attorneys and Researchers
  4. Juror Exit Questionnaires
  5. Debriefing Sessions to Alleviate Juror Stress
How to Improve the Civil Justice System
  1. Innovations in Progress
  2. How to Begin
  3. Cite Authority
  4. Experimentation
  5. Sharing Successes
  6. Conclusion

Organize a Program
More than 10,000 attorneys, judges, law school students and business professionals have attended programs of the Foundation's National Jury Trial Innovations Project. Team leaders are moving the program into the forefront of jury trial innovations and change.

If you would like to organize a program, please contact the IADC headquarters in Chicago at 312.368.1494 or email The office will mail you a packet that includes suggested local contacts, listing of current team leaders, listing of past presenters, ideas on speaker guidelines and formats, attendee evaluation forms, the NJTIP PowerPoint presentation and modular program summary, and the entertaining DVD, "Order in the Classroom."

Thank you for your interest and support of this important project of the IADC Foundation.

ABA American Jury Project
ABOTA Myths of and Facts of the American Civil Justice System
ABOTA's Juror's Bill of Rights
American Judicature Society
American Jury Bulwark of Democracy - Jury Reform
Arizona Judicial Branch - Administrative Order No. 93 - 20
Arizona Supreme Court Committee to Study Jury Practices and Procedures
Arizona Supreme Court's Jurors: The Power of 12
California Civil Jury Instructions
Florida's Jury Website
Florida's Work Group on Standards for Jury Panel Sizes
Guide to California Jury Service
Hawai`i Committee on Jury Innovations for the 21st Century
National Center for State Courts (NCSC) - Center for Jury Studies
NCSC's Jury Trial Innovations Resource Guide
Oregon's Jury Website
State of Maine Judicial Branch - For Jurors
Washington State's Jury Website
Washington State Jury Commission
West Virginia's Proposed Jury Instructions

Practitioner Survey

Joint Survey Project with NCSC
The National Jury Trial Innovations Project of the IADC Foundation is working with the National Center for State Courts to document jury trial procedures in jurisdictions around the U.S. Ultimately, we hope to post the results of this and other surveys on the IADC website to allow viewers to access information on the jury trial innovations that have been adopted in the various courts. Please take a few minutes to complete the Practitioner Survey below, and return it to the IADC.

The survey is available to download in two formats, PDF and Microsoft Word. If you do not yet have Acrobat Reader to view PDF files, you can download it for FREE from:

1) The PDF document should be downloaded, printed, filled out, and then faxed or mailed back to the IADC office.

Practitioner Survey (PDF)

2) The Microsoft Word document should be downloaded, filled out, saved, and then emailed back to the IADC office.

Practitioner Survey (MS Word)

Please send your completed questionnaire to the IADC office:
303 West Madison St
Suite 925
Chicago, IL 60606
Fax: 312.368.1854

Team Leaders
( Listed Alphabetically By State )

Walter T. Gilmer, Jr.  
William C. Wood  

John B. Thorsness  
Clay A. Young  

F. Michael Carroll  
George H. Mitchell  

James Phillip Malcom  
Lucinda McDaniel  

Jeffrey J. Christovich  
Kevin J. Dunne  
Jack B. McCowan, Jr.  
Regina A. Petty  
Gregory C. Read  
Archie Stirling Robinson  
Timothy L. Walker  

Cathy Havener Greer  
Mary A. Wells  

William R. Moller None listed
Eric Watt Wiechmann  

DC, Washington
James A. Hourihan  

Mercer K. Clarke  
Richard M. Dunn  
Edward R. Nicklaus  

Lori G. Cohen  
Clayton H. Farnham  
Andrew J. Hill, III  
Albert H. Parnell  
Ronald D. Reemsnyder  

J. Walter Sinclair  

William J. Brinkmann  
Daniel K. Cray  
Rex K. Linder  
Michael A. Pope  
Jay H. Tressler  

Larry G. Evans  
Randall R. Riggs  
Ronald J. Waicukauski  

Gregory M. Lederer  
John D. Mayne  

Donald Patterson  
Anthony F. Rupp  
Larry B. Spikes  
Randy J. Troutt  

John S. Bradford  
Terry Christovich Gay  
Gary G. Hebert  
Edward J. Rice, Jr.  
Emmett C. Sole  
Quentin F. Urquhart, Jr.  

Harold J. Friedman  

Donald L. DeVries, Jr.  
Bruce R. Parker  
Rudolph L. Rose  
Richard W. Scheiner  

Brian P. Voke  
Rebecca J. Wilson  

William D. Booth  

Tina M. Traficanti  

Harry R. Allen  
Christy D. Jones  
Landman Teller, Jr.  

John W. Cowden  
Lawrence B. Grebel  
Harvey L. Kaplan  
Patrick Lysaught  
Daniel T. Rabbitt  

Michael J. Milodragovich  

Walter E. Zink, II  

New Jersey
Brian C. Harris  

New York
Judith A. Aydelott  
Desmond T. Barry, Jr.  
George W. Collins, Jr.  
Mark Gregory Farrell  
George S. Hodges  
Michael J. Holland  
Harry F. Mooney  
Susan C. Roney  

North Carolina
Kirk G. Warner  

Henry A. Hentemann  
Ronald H. Isroff  
James L. McCrystal, Jr.  
William G. Porter, II  
Joseph W. Ryan, Jr.  
Ralph Streza  
David H. Wallace  

A. Thomas Elder, Jr. 
Larry D. Ottaway  

Ontario, Canada
Lee Samis  

William B. Crow  
Thomas A. Gordon  
Douglas G. Houser  

Debra S. Dunne  
Ann Thornton Field  
Reeder R. Fox  
Thomas P. Grace  
Paul M. Hummer  
George J. Murphy  
Joseph E. O'Neil  
David J. Rosenberg  
James G. Rosenberg  

South Carolina
William C. Cleveland, III  
David E. Dukes  

James M. Doran, Jr. 
J. Kimbrough Johnson  

David J. Beck 
Michael Connelly  
Thad T. Dameris 
Otway B. Denny, Jr.  
Allan K. DuBois
Donald H. Flanary, Jr.  
Barbara Radnofsky  
Joe W. Redden, Jr.  
Rebecca Jo Reser  
Joseph F. Speelman  
Kenneth Tekell  

Ray R. Christensen  

Robert R. McKearin  

Glen A. Huff  
James Watson Morris, III  

Christopher W. Tompkins  

Edward A. Hannan  
Timothy J. Muldowney  

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